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Iodomethane CAS No.:74-88-4 signal +66980528100 wickr, wanjiang

China Factory Iodomethane CAS No.:74-88-4

Iodomethane Basic information

 
Product Name: Iodomethane
Synonyms: IODOMETHANESYNONYMS/METHYLIODIDE;METHYLIODIDE,REAGENT;10domethane;CH3I;Halon 10001;Iodomethane,99.5%;Iodomethane, 2M solution in tert-butyl methyl ether;Iodomethane, stabilized, 99%
CAS: 74-88-4
MF: CH3I
MW: 141.94
EINECS: 200-819-5
Product Categories: IOD – Iodomethane;β;Alkyl;Analytical Enzymes;and Substrates;Biochemicals and Reagents;Organics;Piperazine derivates;Building Blocks;Chemical Synthesis;Enzymes;-Glucuronidase;-Glucuronidase Drug Analysis Bundle;Halogenated Hydrocarbons;Inhibitors;Organic Building Blocks;Agro-Products, Miscellaneous Reagents;Pharma;Solvent

Iodomethane Chemical Properties

Melting point  −64(lit.)
Boiling point  41-43 °C
density  2.28 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density  4.89 (vs air)
vapor pressure  24.09 psi ( 55 °C)
refractive index  n20/D 1.530
Fp  −18 °F
storage temp.  2-8°C
solubility  water: soluble14g/L at 20°C
form  Liquid
Specific Gravity 2.280
color  Clear
Odor Sweet, ethereal odor (no threshold data available); inadequate warning properties
PH 5.2 (H2O, 25ºC)
Water Solubility  14 g/L (20 ºC)
Sensitive  Light Sensitive
Merck  14,6087
BRN  969135
Henry’s Law Constant 5.06 at 21 °C (Gan and Yates, 1996)
Exposure limits TLV-TWA 2 ppm (~11 mg/m3) (ACGIH), 5 ppm (MSHA and OSHA); carcinogenicity: Animal Limited Evidence (IARC), Suspected Human Carcinogen.
CAS DataBase Reference 74-88-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
IARC 3 (Vol. 41, Sup 7, 71) 1999
NIST Chemistry Reference Methyl iodide(74-88-4)
EPA Substance Registry System Methyl iodide (74-88-4)
 

Iodomethane Usage
Uses    Methyl iodide is used in the analysis of pyridine; microscopy; as an embedding materialfor examining diatoms (Merck 1996); and asa methylating agent.
Uses    .Iodomethane is an approved pesticide used to control insects, plant parasitic nematodes, soil borne pathogens and weed seeds.
Uses    Methylating agent; in microscopy because of its high refractive index; as imbedding material for examining diatoms; in testing for pyridine. Light sensitive etching agent for electronic circuits; component in fire extinguishers.

Iodomethane Application
Iodomethane is a useful methylating agent that mediates the alkylation of carbon, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen and phosphorus nucleophiles[9, 10]. For example, phenol reacts with methyl iodide to give anisole. In the Monsanto process, the in situ formed iodomethane reacts with carbon monoxide in the presence of a rhodium complex to give acetyl iodide, which on hydrolysis yields acetic acid[11]. It reacts with magnesium to form the Grignard reagent, methyl-magnesium iodide used in organic synthesis[12]. It also finds applications as an intermediate in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and in phase-transfer catalysts.
Methyl iodide can also be used as a kind of pesticide used to control insects, plant parasitic nematodes, soil borne pathogens, and weed seeds in vegetables. It can be used in the field growing strawberries, peppers, nut crops, tomatoes, grape vines, ornamentals and turf and nursery growing strawberries, stone fruits, tree nuts, and conifer trees. Its fumigant action is thought to be via the nucleophilic displacement(SN2) reaction in various amino acids and peptides within target organisms. It can also be used as a fire extinguisher[4, 5, 13, 14].

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